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Politics (Council of Ministers)
[updated 15 October 2020]
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On 15 February 2018, Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli has been sworn in as new PM. The first two Ministers (Lal Basbu Pandit and Tham Maya Thapa) have been sworn in on the same day. Four other Ministers (Ishwar Pokharel, Yubaraj Khatiwada, Ram Bahadur Thapa and Matrika Prasad Yadav) have been nominated on 26 February. 11 other Ministers and 4 Ministers of State have been sworn in on 16 March 2018 bringing the number of ministries to 17. More ministries had not been planned. According to the constitution, the Council of Ministers must not have more than 25 members in total.
Finance Minister Yubaraj Khatiwadais an elected MP of the National Assembly.
The list below is still under construction. Missing data will be added soon. One can already say that the Council of Ministers is in no way inclusive, neither with respect to gender nor to ethnicity and region.
On 1 June 2018, Sangiya Samajbadi Forum - Nepal joined the government. Two Ministers from this party were included into the Council of Ministers. Gokul Prasad Banskota became upgraded as a full Minister. Ishwar Pokharel and Upendra Yadav were nominated as Deputy Prime Ministers, i.e. once again the nonsense of having two Deputy Prime Ministers. The constitution speaks of only one Deputy Prime Minister. Now, the Council of Ministers has 24 members, one less than allowed by the constitution.
The constitutional demand for a socially inclusive Council of Ministers (Article 76(9)) is in not respected, especially in regard to women and Dalits.
Minister of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs, Sher Bahadur Tamang, had to resign from his post on 24 July 2018 after he had made degrading statements about female Nepalese medical students in Bangladesh.
On 3 August 2018, Bhanu Bhakta Dhakal, a close confidante of PM Oli, has been nominated as the new Minister of Law. State Minister for Health and Population Padma Kumari Aryal was promoted as the Minister for Land Management, Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation. Surendra Yadav (Sangiya Samajbadi Forum - Nepal) has been nominated Minister of Health. Now, 14 of the 23 full-fledged ministers (61 per cent) are Tagadharis, 10 of them are Bahuns. Only 16 per cent of the members of the Council of Ministers are women; the constitution requires a share of at least 33 per cent. The secular and inclusive federal state is now farther away than ever! The Council of Ministers has now reached its constitutional limit of 25 members.
Minister for Tourism and Civil Aviation, Rabindra Prasad Adhikari, died in a helicopter crash on 27 February 2019. He has been replaced by Yogesh Bhattarai on 31 July 2019.
On 21 November 2019, there was a major reshuffle of the cabinet with the exchange of nine ministers and ministers of state, all of whom are trusted associates of PM Oli. The already minimal proportion of women was further reduced. Now there are only two women in the 25-strong cabinet. There is now even a man at the wheel of the Ministry for Women, Children and Senior Citizens. Half of the ministers are Bahuns. Besides, some of the portfolios have also been changed, partly without consulting and informing the office holders.
On 24 December 2019, the two cabinet members from the Sangiya Samajbadi Forum - Nepal (Deputy PM Upendra Yadav and Minister for Urban Development, Mohammad Ishtiyak Rai) resigned when their party left the coalition government because PM Oli rejected any kind of discussion to make the constitution more inclusive. The latter had meen the promise of the NCP when the SSF-N joined the government.

On 17 February 2020, Shiva Maya Tumbahangphe, the former Deputy Speaker or Parliament, has been appointed as Minister of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs.

On 14 October 2020, PM Oli once again carried out a cabinet reshuffle without consultation with his party comrades. The domination of male Tagadharis is even getting stronger in this non-inclusive cabinet.

Ministers Name Portfolio Affiliation / Comments Elected from
Ethnicity Born Sex
1 Khadka Prasad Sharma Oli
Prime Minister, defence
Nepal Communist Party
??
Tagadhari (Bahun) 1952 M
2
Ishwar Pokharel
Deputy Prime Minister; Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
Nepal Communist Party ?? Tagadhari (Bahun) 1954
M
3
Ram Bahadur Thapa Home Affairs
Nepal Communist Party ?? Tagadhari (Chhetri)
??
M
4
Bishnu Paudel Finance Nepal Communist Party (General Secretary) Rupandehi 2 Tagadhari (Bahun) ?? M
5
Pradip Kumar Gyawali
Foreign Affairs
Nepal Communist Party ??
Tagadhari (Bahun) 1962
M
6 Hridayesh Tripathi Federal Affairs and General Administration Nepal Communist Party ?? Madheshi (Brahmin) ?? M
7
Giriraj Mani Pokharel

Education, Science and Technology
Nepal Communist Party ??
Tagadhari (Bahun) ??
M
8
Barsha Man Pun
Energy, Water Resources and Irrigation
Nepal Communist Party ?? Janajati (Magar)
??
M
9
Ghanashyam Bhusal Agriculture and Livestock Development Nepal Communist Party ?? Tagadhari (Bahun) ?? M
10 Krishna Gopal Shrestha Urban Development Nepal Communist Party Kathmandu 9 Tagadhari (Newar) ?? M
11 Bhanu Bhakta Dhakal Health and Population Nepal Communist Party ?? Tagadhari (Bahun) ?? M
12
Lekhraj Bhatta
Industry, Commerce and Supplies Nepal Communist Party ?? Madheshi (Brahmin) ?? M
13 Yogesh Kumar Bhattarai Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation Nepal Communist Party Taplejung Tagadhari (Bahun) ?? M
14
Shakti Bahadur Basnet
Forestry and Environment Nepal Communist Party ?? Tagadhari (Chhetri) 1971 M
15
Rameshwor Ray Yadav
Labour, Employment and Social Security Nepal Communist Party ?? Madheshi (Hindu) ?? M
16 Jagat Bahadur Sunar (Bishwakarma)
Youth and Sports
Nepal Communist Party ??
Dalit (Pahad)
?? M
17
Padma Kumari Aryal Land Management, Cooperatives
and Poverty Alleviation
Nepal Communist Party ?? Tagadhari (Bahun) ?? F
18
Bina Magar Water Supply Nepal Communist Party ?? Janajati (Magar) ?? F
19
Basanta K. Nembang
Physical Infrastructure and Transportation Nepal Communist Party ?? Janajati (Limbu) ?? M
20
Parbat Gurung
Communication and Information Technology Nepal Communist Party ?? Janajati (Gurung) ?? M
21
Dr. Shiva Maya Tumbahangphe Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs Nepal Communist Party ?? Janajati (Limbu) 1964 F
22
Lilanath Shrestha Women, Children and Senior Citizens Nepal Communist Party Siraha 3 Tagadhari (Newar) ?? M

Ministers of State
Name Portfolio Affiliation / Comments Elected from
Ethnicity Born Sex
1
Moti Lal Dugad Industry, Commerce and Supplies
Nepal Communist Party ?? ?? ?? M
2
Nava Raj Pant Health and Population Nepal Communist Party ?? Tagadhari (Bahun) ?? M
3
Ram Bir Manandhar Urban Development Nepal Communist Party ?? Janajati (Newar) ?? M
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